# Numerical integrals with various rules

## 2000 days 전, jhlee2chn 작성

# by Nick Alexander (based on the work of Marshall Hampton) var('x') @interact def midpoint(f = input_box(default = sin(x^2) + 2, type = SR), interval=range_slider(0, 10, 1, default=(0, 4), label="Interval"), number_of_subdivisions = slider(1, 20, 1, default=4, label="Number of boxes"), endpoint_rule = selector(['Midpoint', 'Left', 'Right', 'Upper', 'Lower'], nrows=1, label="Endpoint rule")): a, b = map(QQ, interval) t = sage.calculus.calculus.var('t') func = fast_callable(f(x=t), RDF, vars=[t]) dx = ZZ(b-a)/ZZ(number_of_subdivisions) xs = [] ys = [] for q in range(number_of_subdivisions): if endpoint_rule == 'Left': xs.append(q*dx + a) elif endpoint_rule == 'Midpoint': xs.append(q*dx + a + dx/2) elif endpoint_rule == 'Right': xs.append(q*dx + a + dx) elif endpoint_rule == 'Upper': x = find_maximum_on_interval(func, q*dx + a, q*dx + dx + a)[1] xs.append(x) elif endpoint_rule == 'Lower': x = find_minimum_on_interval(func, q*dx + a, q*dx + dx + a)[1] xs.append(x) ys = [ func(x) for x in xs ] rects = Graphics() for q in range(number_of_subdivisions): xm = q*dx + dx/2 + a x = xs[q] y = ys[q] rects += line([[xm-dx/2,0],[xm-dx/2,y],[xm+dx/2,y],[xm+dx/2,0]], rgbcolor = (1,0,0)) rects += point((x, y), rgbcolor = (1,0,0)) min_y = min(0, find_minimum_on_interval(func,a,b)[0]) max_y = max(0, find_maximum_on_interval(func,a,b)[0]) # html('<h3>Numerical integrals with the midpoint rule</h3>') show(plot(func,a,b) + rects, xmin = a, xmax = b, ymin = min_y, ymax = max_y) def cap(x): # print only a few digits of precision if x < 1e-4: return 0 return RealField(20)(x) sum_html = "%s \cdot \\left[ %s \\right]" % (dx, ' + '.join([ "f(%s)" % cap(i) for i in xs ])) num_html = "%s \cdot \\left[ %s \\right]" % (dx, ' + '.join([ str(cap(i)) for i in ys ])) numerical_answer = integral_numerical(func,a,b,max_points = 200)[0] estimated_answer = dx * sum([ ys[q] for q in range(number_of_subdivisions)]) html(r''' <div class="math"> \begin{align*} \int_{a}^{b} {f(x) \, dx} & = %s \\\ \sum_{i=1}^{%s} {f(x_i) \, \Delta x} & = %s \\\ & = %s \\\ & = %s . \end{align*} </div> ''' % (numerical_answer, number_of_subdivisions, sum_html, num_html, estimated_answer))

Interval
Number of boxes
Endpoint rule

## Click to the left again to hide and once more to show the dynamic interactive window